Stroke is the number 5 cause of death and the leading cause of disability in the United States.
Stroke, CVA, TIA, Ischemic stroke, Hemorrhagic stroke – Let’s break down some terms…
A stroke occurs when a blood vessel carrying oxygen to the blood is either blocked by a clot or bursts. When that happens, the brain cannot get the oxygen it needs and brain cells die.
A CVA is a cerebrovascular accident – that’s the medical term for a stroke.
A TIA is a transient ischemic attack. This is a “mini” stroke where the blood flow is temporarily blocked by a blood clot.
An ischemic stroke occurs when a blood vessel supplying blood to the brain is blocked. This accounts for 87% of strokes. This typically a blood “clot” stroke.
A hemorrhagic stroke is caused by a weakened blood vessel that ruptures and bleeds into the surround brain. The blood accumulates and presses onto the surrounding tissue. This is a “bleed”.
What are symptoms of a stroke?
- Facial drooping
- Arm weakness
- Slurred speech, unable to speak, unable to understand speech
- Sudden numbness or weakness in the arm/face/leg – especially on one side of the body
- Sudden confusion
- Sudden trouble seeing in one or both of the eyes
- Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
- Sudden severe headache without cause
If you suspect someone is having a stroke, it’s important to call 911 right away. Immediate medical attention may minimize the long term effects of stroke and even prevent death. Treatment is time sensitive so get treatment rapidly! Don’t wait!
All of this fantastic information and more can be found at https://www.strokeassociation.org/en